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uses of microorganisms

Top 12 Uses Of Microorganisms

by Umeeka

Are you willing to know about the uses of microorganisms for different purposes, then you have come to the right place. Here I will tell you everything about how are microorganisms helpful in our daily life. What are the uses of microbes, what benefits we get from them, every such point will be explained by me in this informative article? So let us study the different uses of microorganisms in biotechnology with examples. I will also tell you the several types of useful microorganisms here. So without making any time due let us start with today’s topic uses of microorganisms.

List of 12 Uses Of Microorganisms

In the following, we have listed 10 uses of microorganisms in our life. You should read them at a glance before going into detail.

  • In Making Of Antibiotics
  • For Production Of Diary Products
  • In Making Of Bread
  • For Production Of Yeast
  • Preparing Of The Alcoholic Beverages
  • For Production Of Dextrans
  • Treatment Of The Sewage
  • Composting Waste

12 Uses Of Microorganisms

Here we have described the 10 uses of microorganisms in our daily life. We will come to know about the different names of microorganisms and their uses in detail.

  • In Making Of Antibiotics

Microorganisms can be used for making several antibiotics and medicinal products. The Antibiotics are produced with the help of the different safe microorganisms strain. They help to kill other pathogenic microorganisms that cause ill effects to the body. The different types of antibiotic medicines are Penicillin, Tetracycline, Erythromycin, Streptomycin, Chloromycin, Bacitracin, etc. Antibiotics are not only used in the treatment of diseases but also they are used as food preservatives many a time. Also, antibiotics are used in treating plant pathogens. This is how the microorganisms play an important role as antibiotics in different situations.

  • For Production Of Diary Products

Dairy products such as cheese, butter, buttermilk, etc can be made using microorganisms. The culture of the microorganisms is grown for preparing such dairy products. You will get good sources of the microorganism to develop good quality dairy dietary products. The microbes such as Streptococcus Lactis, Leuconostoc citrivorum, S. cremoris are used in the production of the dairy products such as butter, cheese, buttermilk, etc. These microbes also help in adding the particular flavor to the diary product and help to nurture the diary product for eating purposes.

  • In Making Of Bread

For the making the bread the strains of the microbes such as S.cerevisae used. These strains are mixed into the dough of the bread. The dough is kept for the process of fermentation where the dough gets fluffy. The good uses of microorganisms in food like bread dough produce carbon dioxide which helps in rising the dough so that it becomes softer when baked. This also helps in adding texture to the bread. However, you will need to keep a check on the condition such as the quality of the yeast strain, incubation environment, and selection of good quality raw materials.

  • For Production Of Yeast

In many of the food which are processed contain the yeast. You will find that the yeast is seen in foods, supplements, baked products, dairy products, etc. Yeast a very helpful ingredient that keeps your intestine in a good condition. It can be cultured in a medium such as molasses, carbohydrates. cane sugar, etc. This acts as a good source of Vitamin B complex and several proteins. Yeast can be used in cultured as well as marketed foods. Yeast can also be used in the preparation of the beverages.

  • Preparing Of The Alcoholic Beverages

To prepare alcoholic beverages yeast is used for fermentation. As the alcohols can be prepared by the fermentation process. The strain of the yeast which is made from the microorganism called Saccharomyces Cerevisiae is used for making the common alcoholic beverages. Whereas, not only alcohol is prepared but fermented liquids such as vinegar, beer, wine, etc are also prepared using microorganisms. In preparation of such liquids and beverages different microorganisms like Acetobacter Sp., Aspergillus oryzae, Saccharomyces Ellipsoideus, etc are used. Every type of microorganisms helps to brew different types of materials for fermentation and producing alcoholic beverages.

  • Organic Acids Manufacturing

Several types of organic acids can be produced by using microorganisms. You will know that acids like acetic acid, citric acid, etc are made using the help of microbes. By growing the cultures, fermenting the things are useful processes to create organic acids. Microbes such as Acetobacter sp., Aspergillus Niger, Rhizopus nigricans, etc are used in producing the organic acids.

  • For Production Of Dextrans

To produce the dextrans microorganisms play an important role. The dextrans are the polymers of the D glucose sugars. They are obtained from fermenting with the microbe Leuconostoc meseniteroides. These polymers produced with the help of the microorganism can be used in soil microbiology, bioassay, biological pest control, sewage microbiology, etc. These dextrans help to inoculate different types of cultures and their production for studying microbiology. Many of the benefits such as Increasing fertility, fuel production, Oxidizing the organic materials, etc are possible due to the producing the dextrans.

  • Vitamins And Enzymes Production

Vitamins and enzymes are produced with the help of microorganisms. After the use of microorganisms in our life improves the quality of life. This plays an important role in producing vitamins and their complexes. They are also helpful for synthesizing the enzymes. There are processes like fermentation and different chemical reactions involved in the production of enzymes and vitamins. For example, vitamins like, Cobalamin, Riboflavin, Vitamin C, are manufactured using microorganisms. And Enzymes such as Amylases, Lactase, Lipases, Pectinase, Peptidases, Proteases, etc are obtained with the help of microorganisms.

  • Treatment Of The Sewage

Microorganisms are used for treating the sewage system. Using a settling system, sewage is physically separated into solids and liquids for primary care. The raw sewage is then directed to secondary treatment, which requires microorganisms to remove the dissolved biological compound. They help in clearing the dirt from the sewage.

  • Composting Waste

Aerobic bacteria are the most abundant kind of chemical decomposer in a compost pile. They produce heat as they decompose organic material. Warming is caused by colonies of aerobic bacteria working to decompose organic matter in a compost pile. Different species survive as the temperature increases. It occurs in three phases called as moderate temperature phase, high-temperature phase, and maturation phase.

  • Uses Of Microorganisms In Food Industry

The microorganisms are used to carry out fermentation activities in the food industries. and humans have used yeasts, molds, and bacteria for thousands of years to produce food goods such as bread, beer, wine, vinegar, and cheese, as well as fermented seafood, poultry, and vegetables. The uses of microorganisms in food processing are done generally nowadays.

  • Uses Of Microorganisms In Agriculture

Microorganisms in farming and agriculture are used for increasing the fertility of the soil. Microbes such as bacteria and fungi are responsible for decomposing organic matter and recycling old plant waste. So microorganisms play an important role in agriculture. Any soil bacteria and fungi establish associations with plant roots, supplying essential nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus.

Harms Of Microorganisms

There are some of the harms of the microorganisms that you should read in the following.

  • Some of the bacterial microorganisms can cause diseases like typhoid, diarrhea, and cholera.
  • A wide variety of diseases in plants and livestock, including rust diseases in plants, apple fruit rot, red rot in sugar cane, and ringworm disease in humans due to fungal microorganisms.
  • Algae’s rapid development produces a toxic effect until they die, resulting in the death of marine and aquatic animals.
  • Causes of Amoebic dysentery, pyorrhoea, and sleeping sickness, are formed from Protozoa microbes.
  • Several diseases like the common cold, small fox, herpes, influenza, hepatitis, polio, and rabies are caused because of the microbial waste products that are a virus.


What are the 10 uses of microorganisms?

Here are the ten uses of microorganisms given in the following.

  1. In Making Of Antibiotics
  2. For Production Of Diary Products
  3. In Making Of Bread
  4. For Production Of Yeast
  5. Preparing Of The Alcoholic Beverages
  6. Organic Acids Manufacturing
  7. For Production Of Dextrans
  8. Vitamins And Enzymes Production
  9. Treatment Of The Sewage
  10. Composting Waste

What are the five uses of microorganisms?

Below are the five uses of microorganisms that we have mentioned.

  1. To achieve the required fermentation, a Streptococcus species is added to the dough before baking bread.
  2. Microorganisms are used in the commercial production of organic acids. Fungi such as Acetobacter, Rhizopus, and Penicillium are used to ferment substrates such as fruits and sugar-containing syrups.
  3. Many microbes are used in the production of enzymes like lipase, lactase, protease, and peptidase, to name a few.
  4. Microorganisms are also useful to the environment by composting the waste. They assist in the secondary stage of water treatment.
  5. Bacteria and viruses are isolated, and antigens and enzymes are derived from them. Antigens like these assist in the production of antibiotics and antivirals.

What are the uses of microorganisms in our daily life?

The uses of microorganisms in our lives for daily purposes are as follows.

  • In Making Of Antibiotics and medicinal products such as Vitamins And Enzymes.
  • For production Of diary products and the making of bread
  • Preparing alcoholic beverages and organic acids manufacturing
  • Used in the biotechnology
  • Treatment of the sewage
  • Composting Waste
  • Industrial and commercial uses for producing fertilizers and pesticides.


We studied the beneficial uses of microorganisms in biotechnology in this article. Here in this article, we learned about what is microorganisms uses and their applications in different areas? How the microorganisms are used in the making of bread, alcoholic beverages, medicinal products, etc. For treating the waste and management of compost the microorganisms can be used. After reading the information we came to know about the primary uses of microorganisms in detail.

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